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To the Government of Sweden:

People everywhere are suffering from the climate crisis, while policies are failing to regulate the biggest emitters, who can continue their emissions while getting even richer. It is only fair to hold those who do the most damage to the climate accountable.

People in the world's poorest countries have done the least to cause the climate crisis, but they are paying the highest price. This is why Sweden and other rich countries must support the communities most affected by floods, storms, sea level rise and other climate impacts - so that together we can build a more equitable future.

We call on Sweden to keep its promise to contribute to the Climate Fund for Loss and Damage, which remains empty.

It is not too late!

The consequences of high emissions by Sweden and other rich countries are enormous. Climate change causes natural disasters, extreme weather and droughts, and leads to irreversible damage to people and the planet. And those who pay the highest price are the people in the world's poorest and most vulnerable countries.

Last year's climate summit made a historic decision to create a fund for losses and damages caused by climate change. This was thanks to protests from people all over the world.

Now we need to join together again to raise our voices so that the world's governments ensure that the new fund can make a real difference. And it's only fair that the wealthy individuals, countries and companies that caused the climate crisis help to compensate for the huge losses and damage that have occurred and will occur in the future.

Sign the petition and together we can put pressure on the government to help fill the climate fund - and send the bill to the worst climate saboteurs.

Image based on photo by Emmanuel Museruka/Oxfam, Fadrach Niere/Fridays For Future Uganda.


Oxfam partners with four climate activists for COP 28

Hilda Flavia Nakabuye

"For me, climate activism is not a choice, it is a daily struggle. My country Uganda contributes less than one percent to greenhouse gas emissions, but we are suffering from the climate crisis - from rising temperatures to flooding, which is taking people's lives."

Hilda Flavia Nakabuye lives in Kampala and is the founder of Fridays For Future Uganda, the largest youth movement in East Africa. She focuses on raising awareness of the climate crisis among students and organizes clean-up days in Lake Victoria. Hilda was involved in protesting against EACOP - a long oil pipeline planned to be built in East Africa. She also works to combat racism and sexism.

Hilda Flavia Nakabuye, climate activist. Photo: Emmanuel Museruka/Oxfam

Lavetanalagi Seru

"We want to see an end to fossil fuel infrastructure. It's about intergenerational justice, it's about historical responsibility. We want to see the rich and industrialized countries pay for the damage and losses that they cause here in Oceania."

Lavetanalagi lives in Fiji and has a background in youth and human rights. He is a policy expert on humanitarian action in Oceania, and co-founder of the Alliance for Future Generations. He currently works for the Pacific Island Climate Action Network (PICAN).

Lavetanalagi Seru, climate activist. Photo: Rob Rickman/Oxfam

Marinel Sumook Ubaldo

"It's a terrible feeling, when you've tried to rebuild, and then the typhoon comes and washes everything away again. Every time a climate disaster happens, we are back to zero."

Marinel is from the Philippines and is currently studying in the US. She and her family were affected by Typhoon Haiyan in 2013, after which she organized the Philippines' first climate strike. She campaigns for a ban on single-use plastics, a reduction in carbon emissions, and more investment in renewable energy.

Marinel Ubaldo, climate activist. Photo: Shawn Exilus/Oxfam

Pavel Martiarena

"I believe that people and nature can live in total harmony. This is what I am fighting for. We know that Peru, and other countries at risk of the climate crisis, are not responsible for it. It is the emitters who are responsible."

Pavel lives in Peru and fights against extractivism (the removal of large natural resources) in the Amazon. For his commitment, he won the "Raise your voice for the Amazon" competition. He is also a photographer and painter.

Pavel Martiarena, climate activist. Photo: Leslie Searles/Oxfam

Questions & answers

The richest emitters are some of the largest companies, some of the richest individuals and the richest countries.

Fossil fuel companies account for 70% of global emissions and have made record profits over the past year. Meanwhile, dollar billionaires generate a million times more emissions than the average person. Rich countries account for much more of the emissions than poor countries do.

It is therefore the richest fossil fuel companies, the richest individuals (the richest 1%) and the richest countries that are the emitters we believe should pay for the consequences of climate change.

'Loss and damage' is the term used for climate impacts that cannot or have not been addressed. "Loss" refers to things that are irreversibly lost such as life, a way of life or a historical site, while "damage" refers to things that can be repaired or recovered, such as roads or buildings. 

The Loss and Damage Fund was established at last year's climate summit, COP 27, to help communities most affected by the climate crisis. It aims to give people access to the support they need to recover from extreme weather and climate disasters - like clean water during a drought, or funds to help rebuild homes destroyed by floods.

It is the responsibility of governments to collect the money for the loss and damage fund from the biggest emitters in their countries. This should be done by reallocating resources and taxing those who made money from destroying the climate.

As well as helping communities recover from extreme weather events and continue to find solutions to the challenges they face, it sends a signal to major emitters that they must take responsibility for their actions. It brings us closer to an equitable climate transition, for everyone.

Climate change particularly affects people in countries that have done the least to cause the crisis. According to climate scientists, over 3.3 billion people live in places that are highly vulnerable to climate change, and people in low- and middle-income countries are five times more likely to be displaced by climate change than people in high-income countries. Inequality and discrimination mean that this injustice is often deepened by ethnicity, gender, sexuality, disability, income or other grounds of discrimination.

- We put pressure on Sweden and other rich countries to take responsibility for the climate crisis - by reducing their emissions and financing the fund for loss and damage.

- We research the share of emissions coming from different income groups and countries - this is the basis for the recommendations we then make.

- We respond to climate-related disasters and provide emergency assistance in the form of cash grants, food parcels and support to rebuild communities.

- We train farmers and communities in climate-smart farming practices and sustainable business.

Read more here.

Governments should tax wealth to drastically reduce the emissions of the richest, while raising billions to help vulnerable countries deal with the impacts of climate change, and the losses and damage caused.

For example, an annual wealth tax of up to 5% on the world's dollar millionaires and dollar billionaires would raise $1.7 trillion each year.

In addition, a special tax should be introduced for profits generated from fossil fuel industries. Such a tax has been proposed by economists Thomas Piketty and Lucas Chancel who have calculated that a 10% tax on fossil fuel assets owned by dollar billionaires could have raised $100 billion each year. It would also discourage investors from investing in fossil fuel industries.


Tax or ban the luxury consumption of the super-rich:

Governments should tax, or in some cases ban, the emissions-heavy consumption of the super-rich, such as large luxury yachts, private jets and space tourism.


Tax fossil fuel companies: 

Governments should establish a permanent tax of up to 90% on excessive profits of fossil fuel companies. The tax should apply when profits are more than 10% above normal, and also cooperate with the removal of subsidies for fossil fuel production.

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